A brief history of the age of exploration

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A brief history of the age of exploration

It had been used for navigation in China by the 11th century and was adopted by the Arab traders in the Indian Ocean. Because of this historical period, world maps are now available. For centuries the only trade routes linking West Africa with the Mediterranean world were over the Sahara Desert. When the Ottoman Empire captured Constantinople in , many existing trade routes to India and China were shut down. They also found new land where colonies could be established and crops such as sugar, cotton, and tobacco could be grown. The Portuguese "received" everything outside of Europe east of a line that ran leagues west of the Cape Verde islands; this gave them control over Africa, Asia and western South America Brazil. With these political aggressions came language, cultural, and religious conversions as well as genocides and removal of indigenous peoples from their original lands and homes.

Historians have also described the impact of nonhuman exchanges, from flora and fauna to viruses and disease. There is even an indication to the east of it of the Bay of Bengalwith a great river running into it.

what was the age of exploration

His motives were mixed. Exchange and contact have been added to the descriptive vocabulary that once only included conquest and extermination. This he did after a magnificent voyage around the Cape of Storms which he renamed the Cape of Good Hope and along the unknown coast of East Africa.

age of exploration facts

Second, the Ottoman Turks and the Venetians controlled commercial access to the Mediterranean and the ancient sea routes from the East. The economies, cultures, and politics of many countries around the world were drastically influenced by this period in history.

Venetian merchants distributed the goods through Europe until the rise of the Ottoman Empirethat eventually led to the fall of Constantinople inbarring Europeans from important combined-land-sea routes. The Portuguese "received" everything outside of Europe east of a line that ran leagues west of the Cape Verde islands; this gave them control over Africa, Asia and western South America Brazil.

How did the age of exploration impact the world

Northern European countries and Russia became involved in world exploration in the latter part of the 16th century further exploring North America, Siberia, New Zealand, and Australia. The Birth of the Age of Exploration Many nations were looking for goods such as silver and gold, but one of the biggest reasons for exploration was the desire to find a new route for the spice and silk trades. The promotion of profitable trade was yet another motive; he aimed to divert the Guinea trade in gold and ivory away from its routes across the Sahara to the Moors of Barbary North Africa and instead channel it via the sea route to Portugal. Columbus would lead three more voyages to the Caribbean, exploring parts of Cuba and the Central American coast. The first of these missions was that of the British funded John Cabot. The Silk Road was mostly over land and took merchants a great deal of time to ship goods. Long-Term Impact The effects of colonization still persist as well, with many of the world's former colonies still considered the "developing" world and the colonizers the First World countries, holding a majority of the world's wealth and receiving a majority of its annual income. This brought horses, cows, and sheep from Europe to the New World and tobacco, cotton, potatoes, and corn to the Old World.

This led to significant lower long distance shipping costs by the 14th century. These that were a combination of traditional European and Arab designs were the first ships that could leave the relatively passive Mediterranean and sail safely on the open Atlantic.

During the Age of Exploration, the slave trade grew significantly which had a profound impact on the economy and on society as a whole. But the journeys, reported by Ma Huana Muslim voyager and translator, were halted abruptly after the emperor's death [21] and were not followed up, as the Chinese Ming Dynasty retreated in the haijina policy of isolationismhaving limited maritime trade.

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Age of Discovery